Resources: Ayurveda research

a. Pubmed Indexed journals on Ayurveda
Pubmed is an archive of scientific publications of a certain standard maintained by the National Institute of Health’s National Library of Medicine.

i. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
published by Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Bengaluru

ii. Ayu
published by Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar

iii. International Journal of Ayurvedic Research
Published by the Department of AYUSH, Government of India
(discontinued due to lack of funds)

b. Ayurveda research database

DHARADigital Helpline for Ayurveda Research Articles
Other Ayurveda journals not indexed with Pubmed, are indexed by DHARA
AVP Research Foundation,Coimbatore develops and maintains this while it is funded by CCRAS, Dept of AYUSH, Govt of India

c. International resources

Ayurveda Journal of Health, a USA based quarterly publication

More links & resources to follow! Recommendations welcome.

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Resources: Scratching beneath the surface

a. Original Charak Samhita with verse by verse translation

Agnivesha, Charaka Samhita, revised by Charaka and Dhridabala. English translation by P. M. Mehta, vol 1-5,
Published by Gulabkuverba Ayurved Society, Jamnagar.

b. For technical logic of medicinal interventions in Ayurveda

Gogte V.M. Ayurvedic pharmacology and therapeutic use of medicinal plants. Bhavan’s Swami Prakashananda Ayurvedic Research Centre; Mumbai: 2000.
Available from Chaukhambha publication, 2009

c. For bridging Ayurveda and modern medicine

Lele RD. Ayurveda and Modern medicine. 2nd edition, Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, 2001

Genesis of Reverse Pharmacology in India: Akin to Dr.Youyou Tu’s Nobel for an anti-malarial

youyou tu strathclyde

Pathak N. A slide in Roots of modern medicine in Reverse Pharmacology, Presentation made to visiting Faculty, Strathclyde University, Kasturba Health Society, Mumbai, India.2012 (Click to enlarge)

An organized effort to discover an anti-malarial bioactive from Traditional Chinese Medicine experience, led to a Nobel Prize for Dr.Youyou Tu in Oct 2015. Motivated by the Vietnamese war, it was an orchestrated effort to streamline those organic, spontaneous processes which have often led to discovering modern drugs from traditional medicine/plants.

I share below one such tale is of Reserpine discovered from Sarpagandha. In India too, an organized effort to discover drugs from medicinal plants had ensued in the last three decades led by Dr.Ashok Vaidya, Dr.RA Mashelkar, Dr. Bhushan Patwardhan and many other interdisciplinary experts. Unlike Dr.Youyou Tu’s mission it was not on a ‘war’-footing. I do hope that the newly formed AYUSH ministry is willing to examine this case to invest its energies in meaningful directions!

Reserpine story in brief

In 1930, an ace Ayurvedic physician, Vd.Gananath Sen found that a medicinal plant, Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina Linn.) reduces raised blood pressure. As anti-hypertensives were not available as yet, patients flocked to get that herb from him. Intrigued, a renowned cardiologist Dr.Rustom Jal Vakil decided to test in his patients while chemists like Ajmal Khan began isolating potential actives from the plant. Eventually at CIBA-Geigy, Reserpine, the catecholamine depletor (which reduces the tone of the sympathetic nervous system) was identified as an active and one of the first anti-hypertensives was developed. Studying Sarpagandha and reserpine had also helped understand mechanisms of depression, schizophrenia and Parkinson’s disease. For more details, click here.

Genesis of Reverse Pharmacology

Why couldn’t we replicate this with some many other clinical observations in a vaidya’s clinic today, questioned Dr.Ashok Vaidya. For over three decades, he and his team relentlessly pursued a path of scientific documentation and investigation of Ayurvedic products. There had to be a new path of medicinal product development which documented the existing clinical experience, asked relevant questions to create standardized products of value. The path came to be christened ‘Reverse Pharmacology’, eventually nurtured by many other academic and industry leaders. In the last decade, the Government of India orchestrated a nationwide team effort, called CSIR-NMTILI to develop global products (for malaria, arthritis and diabetes) using this path. It is now being increasingly used by industry to spur innovation in light of the increasingly dry drug pipelines.

Reverse pharmacology is now defined as the trans-discipline that initiates drug discovery and development from traditional knowledge/practices at the bedside through robust and objective clinical documentation.

Key conceptual publications are found here:

i) Vaidya ADB. Reverse Pharmacological correlates of Ayurvedic drug actions. Indian J Pharmac. 2006; 38(5), 311-15

ii) Patwardhan B, Mashelkar RA. Traditional medicine inspired approaches to drug discovery. Can Ayurveda show the way forward? Drug discovery today 2009; 14, 804 – 5

I will share more stories of Science in Ayurveda (both contemporary and fundamental) which I am fortunate to belong to. I also invite people to share more of these lesser known stories of India’s efforts in the last couple of centuries.